「图解」养生操八段锦 八招练出好身体

时间:2018年11月17日 10:49    编辑/作者:转载   3175

八段锦是传统健身功法之一,能使躯体四肢的运动与调心、调息相结合,具有动作简单易行,效果显著的特点。

养生操八段锦的运动量不大,但作用却是多方面的。四季均可练。

「图解」养生操八段锦 八招练出好身体


现代研究表明,这套功法能改善体液、调节系统分泌的机能,加强血液循环,对腹有良好的按摩作用,能纠正肌体异常反应,所以对许多疾病具有预防和康复作用。


「图解」养生操八段锦 八招练出好身体

第一式:两手托天理三焦

三焦,是指人体上、中、下三焦,属于六腑之一,位于胸腹之间,其中胸膈以上为上焦,胸膈与脐之间为中焦,脐以下为下焦。人体三焦主司疏布元气和流行水液。这一式为两手交叉上托,拔伸腰背,提拉胸腹,可以促使全身上下的气机流通,水液布散,从而周身都得到元气和津液的滋养。


「图解」养生操八段锦 八招练出好身体

第二式:左右开弓似射雕

这一式展肩扩胸,左右手如同拉弓射箭式,招式优美;可以抒发胸气,消除胸闷;疏理肝气,治疗胁痛;同时消除肩背部的酸痛不适。对于长期伏案工作、压力较大的人群,练习它可以增加肺活量,充分吸氧,增强意志,精力充沛。

「图解」养生操八段锦 八招练出好身体

第三式:调理脾胃须单举

脾胃,是人体的后天之本,气血生化的源泉。中医学认为,脾主升发清气,胃主消降浊气。这一式中,左右上肢松紧配合的上下对拉拔伸,能够牵拉腹腔,对脾胃肝胆起到很好的按摩作用,并辅助它们调节气机,有助于消化吸收,增强营养。

「图解」养生操八段锦 八招练出好身体

第四式:五劳七伤往后瞧

五劳,是心、肝、脾、肺、肾五脏的劳损;七伤,是喜、怒、忧、思、悲、恐、惊的七情伤害。五劳七伤,犹如今天的亚健康;长期劳顿,没有及时修养生息,终究造成损伤的累积。这一式,转头扭臂,调整大脑与脏腑联络的交通要道——颈椎(中医学称为天柱);同时挺胸,刺激胸腺,从而改善了大脑对脏腑的调节能力,并增强免疫和体质,促进自身的良性调整,消除亚健康。

「图解」养生操八段锦 八招练出好身体

第五式:摇头摆尾去心火

心火者,思虑过度,内火旺盛。要降心火,须得肾水,心肾相交,水火既济。这一式,上身前俯,尾闾摆动,使心火下降,肾水上升,可以消除心烦、口疮、口臭、失眠多梦、小便热赤、便秘等等症候。

「图解」养生操八段锦 八招练出好身体

第六式:两手攀足固肾腰

这一式前屈后伸,双手按摩腰背下肢后方,使人体的督脉和足太阳膀胱经得到拉伸牵扯,对生殖系统、泌尿系统以及腰背部的肌肉都有调理作用。

「图解」养生操八段锦 八招练出好身体

第七式:攒拳怒目增气力

中医学认为,肝主筋,开窍于目。这一式马步冲拳,怒目瞪眼,均可刺激肝经系统,使肝血充盈,肝气疏泄,强健筋骨。对那些长期静坐卧床少动之人,气血多有郁滞,尤为适宜。

「图解」养生操八段锦 八招练出好身体

第八式:背后七颠百病消

这一式动作简单,颠足而立,拔伸脊柱,下落振身,按摩五脏六腑。俗话说:“百步走不如抖一抖”。这一式下落振荡导致全身的抖动,十分舒服。


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